Your kidneys are small organs that are responsible for a lot of functions. They filter blood, remove excess waste and produce hormones that are essential for your body’s homeostasis or balance. Despite their small size, your kidneys are vulnerable to damage and a whole range of diseases. Here are some of the most common kidney ailments you need to know.
Acute and Chronic Kidney Failure
Acute kidney failure happens when one of your kidneys losses its functions. If the loss happens progressively and gradually, it’s referred to as chronic kidney failure. People with a family history of the disease as well as hypertension and diabetes are the most predisposed group. Some of the symptoms of the disease include changes in the characteristics of the urine, pain, changes in mental status and muscle cramps.
Glomerular diseases are divided into two types: glomerulonephritis and glomerulosclerosis.
Glomerulonephritis refers to the inflammation of the glomeruli, which are the membrane tissues of the kidneys responsible for filtering out waste and extra fluid. Glomerulosclerosis, meanwhile, is the hardening of the blood vessels in your kidneys.
Common symptoms associated with glomerular diseases include anemia and the presence of high amounts of protein and blood in your urine.
Nephrotic syndrome refers to a class of symptoms indicating kidney damage. It can include high blood cholesterol level and edema. Other common symptoms of this condition are the presence of high protein levels in the urine and low levels of albumin in the blood.
People suffering from this condition can exhibit loss of appetite, tiredness and weight gain. Patients can also complain about experiencing foamy urine.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic condition where multiple cysts form in the kidneys. These cysts are sacs usually filled with fluid. They grow in number and enlarge the kidneys over time. As they multiply, these cysts replace the normal structure of the kidneys until the organ loses function.
The condition can result in pain, edema and kidney failure. In some cases, it can also be accompanied by urinary tract infections and high blood pressure.
Pyelonephritis is a form of urinary tract infection that mainly affects the kidneys. It’s most commonly caused by a group of bacteria called E. coli. Some of its symptoms include fever, painful urination and nausea. It can also cause vomiting and pain at the back or the groin.
Pyelonephritis most commonly happens to people with structural abnormalities in their urinary tracts, particularly those who have kidney stones or enlarged prostate. If you are feeling the said signs and symptoms, it’s a good idea to get yourself checked first to verify your condition.