5 Polycystic Kidney Disease Symptoms

5 Polycystic Kidney Disease Symptoms

You Should Look Out For These Symptoms

5 Polycystic Kidney Disease SymptomsPolycystic Kidney Disease happens when fluid-filled cysts form in the kidneys. It’s generally an inherited medical condition but patients with advanced kidney problems can also develop PKD.

Is it serious?

Generally, the cysts associated with PKD are non-malignant but they can vary in size and number. This means that they can possibly grow large to the point that they can interfere with your kidneys’ functions. Aside from your kidneys, the cysts can also grow in your liver and in the other parts of your body.

Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease

The symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease, similar to other kidney diseases, can go unnoticed on the early stages. Patients typically discover the signs of the disease in their 30s or 40s. However, this doesn’t mean that it has no physical symptoms to warn you.

High blood pressure is the most common symptom you’d find in PKD patients. It is usually accompanied by an increase in the size of your abdomen and pain on your sides. You’d also notice yourself getting more frequents episodes of getting Urinary Tract Infections. In certain cases, you can also develop kidney stones.

Minor symptoms of PKD also include pain and a feeling of heaviness on the back area. Fatigue and joint pain can also develop. You can also develop bruising, pale skin and nail problems. Some patients experience frequent urination while others see blood-tinged urine.

If PKD is too severe, it can develop complications that can include cardiovascular diseases, anemia, bleeding and even brain aneurysms. Loss of kidney function is also possible as your kidneys find it more difficult to get rid of waste and toxins. In certain patients, their colon gets affected as well. Diverticulosis or the weakening and pouching of the walls of the colon can also happen.

The pain associated with PKD is often long term. However, as this symptom is also common among other kidney diseases, it’s often overlooked or disregarded until it’s too severe to ignore.

How’s it diagnosed?

As mentioned, PKD is an inherited condition which means that people who have first or second-degree relatives with the condition are particularly predisposed. If you have such predisposition, you should submit yourself to a routine screening.

For diagnosis, your doctor will order a urine analysis and a complete blood count. These tests aim to find existing infections and traces of protein and blood in the urine. Imaging tests may also be ordered for confirmation. It can include ultrasound, CT scan or an MRI scan.

In certain cases, an IVP or Intravenous Pyelogram can also be ordered. This procedure involves the injection of a dye to help visualize blood vessels more clearly.