Kidney Infection During Pregnancy

Kidney Infection During Pregnancy

5 Things You Need To Know

Kidney Infection during pregnancyWomen are more at risk of kidney infection than men. Once they get pregnant, the physical and physiological changes of pregnancy put them at an even higher risk. If you are currently pregnant or planning to conceive anytime soon, here are a few things about kidney infection you should know about.

Asymptomatic pyelonephritis is one of the most common causes of preterm labor and premature rupture of membranes. It’s also one of the most frequent causes of complications in newborns and even death.

For the pregnant woman, an untreated kidney infection can result in a widespread infection and sepsis. It can also cause fluid accumulation in the lungs and eventual respiratory distress. Once the mother experiences trouble breathing, it can also pose a threat to the unborn child.

Pyelonephritis during pregnancy almost always results to hospital admission for treatment and close monitoring. You’ll be given antibiotics through an intravenous line during your hospital stay and another round of oral antibiotics once you get discharged. If the condition doesn’t resolve, an X-ray or an ultrasound may be ordered by your doctor to determine the root cause.

Delivery of baby at end of pregnancy term isn’t a complete guarantee that you won’t have another bout of infection. This makes it important that you undergo routine urinary examinations for early detection. The presence of bacteria and a high amount of white blood cells in your urine can indicate the presence of infection. For a more definitive diagnosis, your doctor may order for bacterial culture.

Untreated pyelonephritis can result to intrauterine growth retardation which means that babies may be born smaller or lighter than they should be. It’s also possible for these babies to develop pneumonia right after being born.

Kidney infection become at risk of increased blood pressure. There are also cases where pregnant women develop anemia.

Treatment of pyelonephritis is the same for pregnant and non-pregnant women. However, for the safety of the fetus, careful selection of medications is necessary to avoid complications. If a woman has had several episodes of the infection, she may be required to take suppressive therapy for the remaining time of her pregnancy. After treatment, a repeat culture of the urine should be obtained to make sure the patient is completely cured.

More important than treatment is the prevention of the infection. Because it’s closely associated with tons of negative effects to both mother and child, it’s essential that you know how to protect yourself. Drinking enough fluids, undergoing routine assessment, and practicing proper hygiene are some of the things you can do to limit the chances of acquiring kidney infection.