Learn Kidney Donor Requirements

Learn Kidney Donor Requirements

When You Can’t Donate

learn kidney donor requirementsLearn Kidney Donor Requirements -they are not that tough. Although the number of patients getting added to the kidney recipient list is increasing every day, it doesn’t mean that all people who aspire to donate are readily accepted just to cut the list short. For the safety of both donor and recipient, strict health guidelines are still observed.

The following list contains some of the contraindications to renal donation:

Psychiatric problems

The capability of a person to adjust well after surgery both mentally and emotionally should be thoroughly assessed. Most of the time, the evaluation and orientation phases of donation are fast phased that donors are only able to digest everything after the operation. This makes remorse, regret, and even ambivalence very common experiences for donors. If these emotions are not handled correctly, it can pose health and safety risks.

Hypertension that requires medication

High blood pressure involves higher blood volume inside the body. Because there’s a high volume of fluid, your blood vessels compensate by working twice as hard. For the minute vessels in your renal tract, this isn’t good news as they are put at risk for damages.

Existing renal disease

One of the goals of renal transplant is to provide a patient with a healthier organ. Transplanting a sick kidney will only defeat this purpose.

Diabetes

With diabetes, blood generally becomes thicker and more viscous. This change in your blood’s consistency creates minute injuries to the small blood vessels in your body. Once injury happens to your renal tract, the organs become ineffective in filtering out unwanted elements. Because of this, transplanting an injured organ will not help the recipient get any better.

Heart Diseases

Because donors are generally considered to have an increased risk of developing heart problems in the long run, people who have existing cardiac diseases aren’t permitted to donate. Since donation leaves only one kidney in place, the decrease in renal function makes the heart work twice as hard to compensate. For people with existing heart diseases, this increase in workload can aggravate their health condition.

Obesity

Obesity has been closely linked with minor surgical complications. Although rare, the chances for major complications are also possible. Aside from this, people who weigh more than they should are also at risk for several health issues after donation, particularly kidney and heart problems. Most of them even carry health issues prior to surgery.

Despite these ideas, however, there are transplant centers that do allow obese patients to donate. They generally conduct a close follow up, either by visiting donors or routinely calling them by phone, to determine any changes in their health. Typically, they follow up every one or two years. Some of these centers even implement a wellness program for these kidney donors.

Learn Kidney Donor Requirements and you will discover that it is very easy to save someone’s life.

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Help For Kidney Failure: Having a Support Group

help-from-familiyHelp for kidney failure isn’t all about treatments and medications. Most of the time, the way a patient thinks about his disease and how he’s coping with it emotionally and mentally also say a lot about his prognosis. If you are feeling low or not sure about how you’re handling your condition, reaching out to a support group can really make a big difference.

Here are more reasons why a support group is necessary for kidney failure patients.

Peer Mentoring

For someone who’s struggling to cope with kidney failure, it’s essential that they don’t only get medical advice; they also need to be provided with support. If you are going through this situation, you would want to talk to someone who can really understand what you are going through. Peer mentoring involves people who have gone or going through the same life experiences as you. Although they are not encouraged to give medical advice and solutions, they can serve as role models and offer support.

Adjustments

It’s an overwhelming experience to be told you need to undergo treatments for your kidney. Upon diagnosis, it’s helpful if you can talk to people and ask for help for kidney failure adjustments. You can ask them what food they eat and what type of treatment they are going for just to get an idea of how they were able to cope. Small conversations like this can happen in clinics and treatment areas, but there are also more formal peer support systems you can reach out to.

Less Cases of Depression

Depression can easily develop in people who think and feel that they are alone. And this doesn’t only happen to actual patients, but their caregivers and families as well. When you have someone to talk to, vent out your emotions or just share your ideas with, it lessens the negative emotions that come with the situation. It fosters acceptance and encourages a sense of purpose.

Boosts Well-Being

Participating in self-help groups can mean lesser chances of feeling useless and unimportant. Just the idea of being able to encourage other people and help them adjust to the situation can give you a sense of accomplishment. Aside from that, helping other patients can also reinforce your skills in taking care of yourself.

Increased Survival Rate

Aside from the actual treatment, your predisposition can also affect the course of your disease. Most kidney failure patients face a lot of stress and challenges that push them to the brink of depression and even suicide. By having people who listen and cares for you, a support system can help ease your negative thoughts while encouraging your self-esteem and an optimistic point of view in life.

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How to Donate a Kidney

How to Donate a Kidney

4 Things You Should Know First

how to donate a kidneyDo you want to change the world and want to know how to donate a kidney?

Kidney transplant is not the last option for patients suffering from organ failure. As a matter of fact, it’s the first one on the list.

However, because of how limited the available organs for transplantation, patients are often left to reconsider their options. They undergo routine dialysis and take prescribed medications to limit damages while they wait for the right match.

Kidney donation, apparently, is more than just giving your organ out to someone. It’s a life changing process that you need to thoroughly consider first. Here are some if the things you should know:

  1. Choose the best care possible.

Your healthcare providers will play a big role in your transplant procedure. From the pre-assessment phase to your discharge and follow up, they are the people who will assist you. Because of how involved they are in the process, keep in mind to assess them and their environment first.

  1. Not everyone can be a donor and not all patients can be recipients.

Kidney donations require a strict assessment to make sure the donor is healthy and fit enough to give out one of his organs. On the same note, patients need to find the right match first before they can be permitted to receive an organ. If these two factors aren’t met and the transplant still pursues, it can lead to a lot of lethal and detrimental complications- including organ rejection or even death.

  1. Dialysis is not always good.

Undergoing hemodialysis can help control a patient’s signs and symptoms. However, the more the patient relies on hemodialysis, the lesser his chances of regaining his quality of life becomes. It can also affect his independence as he becomes more reliant on the machine.

Because of this, people are encouraged to donate as early as possible. The earlier a transplant is done, the lesser the patient becomes dependent on dialysis and medications. If you are considering being a donor, it can help if you can talk to your hospital’s transplant officer.

  1. A transplant has both positive and negative effects.

Although there are two sides in a kidney transplant, experts believe that the positive effects still outweighs the negative ones. Take for example the case of the donor. Although he can lose one of his kidneys, the donor can still assume a normal life, with minimum to no complications. He can even resume his previous level of activities, work, and life.

As for the recipient, the risk of organ rejection is quite small, given that necessary screening is done to ensure match and compatibility. Rejection can happen but it’s actually very rare. There are also medications, such as immunosuppressants, to stop it from happening.

 

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Being A Kidney Donor

Being A Kidney Donor

What it’s like to Live with One Kidney

 

Being A Kidney DonorIf you’re considering being a kidney donor, one of the most probable concerns you’ll have is about living a normal life after surgery.

As you’ll be technically giving out one of your organs to someone else, questions involving your health and safety will sure pop in your mind.

Are there long term effects of having only one kidney?

In general, people who have donated one of their kidneys can live life normally. In fact, their life span is considered the same as those who have both organs intact. Very few people experience long-term complications such as high blood pressure and a decrease in renal function later in life.

The screening and assessment prior to donation are what help minimize potential long term effects. If you have an existing kidney disease or if you are suffering from diabetes and heart problems, pursuing kidney donation can surely predispose you to long term debilitating effects. In contrast, if you are found to be fit and in top shape, there’s very little chance that you’ll experience problems post surgery.

Do I need to always see my doctor?

For kidney donors, it’s essential that you see your doctor at least every year. This is to help keep track of you and your kidney’s health. You’ll need to submit to annual urine and blood tests to prevent or, if not diagnose, early complications.

Should I change my diet?

There’s no strict need for you to change your diet radically. However, to ensure your optimum health, it’s still best if you can stay away from foods that have high potassium and sodium content. It can also help if you can limit your sugar and fat intake. These changes won’t only keep your kidney healthy but it can also boost your general health.

In case you’re confused about the food you should and shouldn’t be eating, you can always consult your doctor or your dietitian. He can create the right diet plan based on your activity level and nutritional demands.

Can I participate in contact sports?

There’s no arguing how important exercise and physical activities are. For people who have donated their kidneys or those who have been born with only one kidney, it’s essential to avoid extreme physical sports to protect the remaining organ. Wrestling, extreme martial arts and football are some of the activities you should not engage yourself in.

If skipping these types of activity is out of the equation, make sure that you always wear your protective gears. Padded vests are good examples. Before you start participating in contact sports, it’s best if you can consult your doctors first to a get a clearance or if there are any precautions you’ll need to take to protect your remaining kidney.

Being A Kidney Donor may not be much different than living with two kidneys.

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2 Types of Kidney Donation

2 Types of Kidney Donation You Should Know About2 Types of Kidney Donation

You Should Know About

 

There are two types of kidney donation you should know about. Because not all people respond positively to lifestyle modification and dialysis, kidney donation and transplant are often necessary. Unfortunately, since there aren’t enough renal donors, a large number of these patients are made to wait. While there are patients who experience successful organ transplants, some of them fail to meet the right match.

In case you are considering donating one of your kidneys, here are the two types of kidney donation you should know about:

Deceased Donation

A person who has consented to donate his kidneys prior to his death is considered a deceased donor. In certain cases, however, it is the family of the donor, specifically the next of kin that grants consent.

Deceased donation is the most common type of donation between the two types. It involves people who met accidents, strokes, and sudden death. Their organs undergo proper medical evaluation to assure not only compatibility but the recipients’ safety.

The donated kidneys are subjected to cross matching and other series of tests to determine compatibility to the waiting list. If proven to match, donors undergo a surgical procedure to take his organs out.

Living Donation

A Living Kidney donation involves people who voluntarily donate one of their organs.

It can either be:

  • A living related donor can either be your mother, sister or brother. Because donor and recipient are related, there’s a greater possibility of compatibility. However, because of the same relationship, familial and genetic diseases can also make transplant difficult.
  • A living unrelated donor can come from a person you know but not genetically related to you. It can be a friend, a colleague or your spouse. This type of donation can yield lesser chances of compatibility compared with a related donor.

Living donation is more beneficial to patients than deceased donation for a number of reasons. For one, it limits the patient’s waiting time. It also shortens the time they need to spend on dialysis. Aside from this, patients also prefer to get their kidneys from living donors because it enables them to take more control of the time and date of the operation.

Getting an organ from a living donor is also more psychologically and mentally calming for a patient compared with receiving it from a dead person. It is also considered safer, as a living person gets to be thoroughly screened and tested for several health issues and condition.

Organ donation is essential to help people with renal problems continue with their lives. You should, however, keep in mind that the urgency of donation should not compromise the health of the recipient and the donor. Kidney donation should still involve strict tests and assessments whether the organ is coming from a living or a deceased person.

Be prepared 2 Types of Kidney Donation You Should Know About

 

 

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Kidney Donation

Kidney DonationKidney Donation

An Overview of the Recipient’s Surgery

 

Are you interested in a kidney donation? Undergoing surgery, particularly offering a kidney donation and transplant, can be an overwhelming experience. Aside from worrying about possible risks and complications, the anxiety of the actual surgery can really make you feel uneasy.

To help address your concerns, here’s a brief overview of what you should and shouldn’t expect if you’re scheduled for a transplant:

  • Once you receive a confirmation call from the kidney transplant center about your surgery, it’s recommended that you stop eating or drinking right away. This is a common preparation for all patients who will be undergoing an operation.
  • Upon arrival to the hospital, you should expect another round of tests and laboratory examinations to make sure that there aren’t any infections or medical conditions that can complicate the surgery.
  • After you’ve been cleared, physical preparations will be done. This usually includes the administration of enema and laxatives to clear out your digestive track. Shaving of the area can also be carried out to limit the chances of infection.
  • An intravenous line will be started. This is where fluids and prophylactic antibiotics will be given. If needed, this intravenous line will also serve as the main line for blood transfusion.

Because anxiety is a common reaction of transplant patients, and a sedative is often ordered to help them calm down. As for the actual surgery, you will be placed under general anesthesia, which means you’ll be asleep throughout the surgery. The whole operation is expected to last for around 3 hours, but of course this depends on each patient.

After surgery, pain should be expected. To ensure your comfort, however, an analgesic will be administered to you. Aside from the pain, you should also expect to wake up to an intact intravenous line, a Foley catheter for your urine and a possible drain in the surgical area.

You may need to spend several days to a full week in the hospital for close monitoring and recovery. After you’ve been discharged, you need to strictly adhere to your check up schedule so your doctors will know right away if there’s any transplant reactions.

Most doctors advise their patients to take an immunosuppressive drug after surgery to limit reactions. Usually, this medication is a life-long commitment. Because you’ll be lowering your immune response, you’ll also be more at risk for infections and other disease. To ensure your optimum health, you may also be required to take antiviral and antibacterial medications.

If the transplant fails, you can either choose to stick with hemodialysis or go for another round of transplant surgery. There is also the option to deny further treatments. Whatever you choose, make sure that you consider your health, your capability to undergo another surgery and the right kidney donation source.

 

 

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Advantages of Live Kidney Donation

Advantages of Live Kidney Donation

Have You Heard Of These?

the advantages of a live kidney donationDo you know about the advantages of a live kidney donation? Because of the increasing number of kidney transplant patients waiting for the right match, organs from deceased donors are no longer able to keep up. This is exactly the reason why live kidney donation is often preferred and encouraged in several health institutions.

To give you a better idea, here are some of the most common advantages of live kidney donation:

  • The surgery is planned. It gives an ample amount of time for both donors and recipients to prepare themselves, mentally, physically and emotionally. Planned surgery allows the procedure to be carried out once both donor and recipient are in good shape.
  • Recipients no longer have to risk their chances with waiting for the right match. They no longer have to sign their name in the long waiting list for transplant.
  • It limits the time the recipient needs to undergo dialysis. Other patients were able to entirely avoid getting hooked to a machine to filter their blood.
  • The time required to transplant the organ from the live donor to the recipient is shorter compared with the time it takes to transplant a kidney from a deceased donor to the recipient. This decrease in time helps make sure that the organ’s health won’t be compromised as it usually works right away.
  • Organs that are taken out of a deceased donor usually take time before they function. For recipients of kidneys from non-living donors, they may be required to undergo dialysis while waiting for their new organ to work.
  • Kidneys from living donors are generally considered healthier than those that come from deceased donors.
  • Because sufficient tests and assessment procedures have been carried out prior to surgery, kidneys transplanted through live kidney donation are typically safer. They also last longer.
  • The idea that a kidney comes from someone who is alive provides psychological benefits to the recipient.
  • For the donor, donating one of his kidneys, gives him a positive psychological experience in that he was able to save someone’s life.
  • Live kidney donation typically involves related individuals. Because the recipient and donor are related, there’s lesser chance of organ rejection.

While getting a kidney through live organ donation entails a lot of benefits, it isn’t a complete guarantee that the transplant will readily be a success. The truth is that it still comes with a lot of risks, including possible rejection, surgical complications or even remission of the recipient’s original medical condition.

These factors, however, shouldn’t discourage you from doing the act. Live kidney donation helps save lives and as of January of 2016, there are at least 121, 678 people who are waiting for the right match.

Learn about the advantages of a live kidney donation.

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How To Donate a Kidney

How To Donate a Kidney

Living Kidney Donation

 

how to donate a kidneyHave you ever wondered how to donate a kidney? A Living kidney donation happens when a living individual decides to donate one of his organs to an ill person. It can be someone he is closely related with or someone he doesn’t personally know. If you are planning on being a kidney donor, here are some of the things you need to know:

General Health

To be approved for donation, you must have no existing renal issues. You shouldn’t also have any heart problems, cancer or diabetes. Initially, you will be asked to answer a set of questionnaire about your overall health. Series of tests will also be carried out, including:

  • Blood test for type, cross matching and antigen
  • X-ray and other radiologic tests
  • Urine analysis
  • EKG
  • Kidney function tests
  • Gynecological exams for female donors
  • Cancer screening tests
  • Additional blood tests for Hepatitis, HIV and virus exposures

Psychological assessments will also need to be carried out to ensure your capability to process information and to decide for yourself. This will also be the best opportunity for the transplant team to determine whether you have been forced to donate your kidneys or not.

Education

Prior to the actual date of surgery, you will have to attend an education session where you’ll be given a complete overview about how the surgery will take place. During this period, you’ll be given information about what will happen before, during and after surgery. This will also be the time where you’ll be informed about the possible risks and complications.

Aside from these information, your coordinator will also discuss with you the financial aspect of donating your kidneys. Typically, it is the transplant center and the recipient’s insurance that will cover all medical expenses, from surgery to follow up.

Expectations

As pain is expected after surgery, your doctor will order analgesics to control any discomforts. You will be given either a patient controlled analgesia or receive in through an epidural line. Around 12 to 24 hours, you will be encouraged to begin walking and to perform self care. Once you are able to perform these activities, your doctor will order the removal of your foley catheter.

Once full recovery is achieved and you are sent home, you can resume your normal routine gradually. If you work in an office with minimal physical stress, you can return to work at around 10 to 14 days after your surgery. If you are planning on having a baby, it’s best if you can wait for your doctor’s clearance first. High-impact contact sports should be avoided as much as possible to avoid harming your remaining organ. To ensure that you and your kidney remain in top shape, it’s recommended that you return for routine follow ups.

If you are considering being a kidney donor, you may well save someone’s life.  Learning how to donate a kidney is the easy part, but wanting to do this is a soul searching adventure.

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A Live Kidney Donation

A Live Kidney Donation

5 Myths You Should Know

Live Kidney DonationAre you interested in being part of a Live Kidney Donation? Donating one of your kidneys is not an easy decision. As a matter of fact, it can make you feel anxious, nervous and even fearful of the procedure and the things that can happen after. These feelings, although normal, can escalate quickly particularly if you’re fed with the wrong information.

To help you understand the concept better, here are 5 organ donation myths debunked for you.

Myth 1: You will no longer be able to participate in sports.

Kidney donors may have restricted physical activities while recovering. As donation is still a form of surgery, you should give your body an ample amount of time to recover and heal. However, after 4-6 months post-donation, you’re expected to resume your normal activities. Exercise and sports aren’t generally restricted but you should still take extra caution to protect your remaining organ.

Myth 2: There will be in pain for the rest of your life.

Pain, in general, is associated with the wound you get from surgery. There’s also a good chance to feel pain when there’s gas and bloating. These types of pain, however, aren’t debilitating and can be controlled by pain medications.

Myth 3: You need to pay for the kidney donation.

The surgery and the entire procedure are generally shouldered by the recipient’s insurance. The cost of travelling to the hospital, your meal as well as lodging fees in case you’re from another location, are the expenses you may probably need to shoulder. Many patients report that they pay nothing for a live kidney donation.

Myth 4: Pregnancy may be restricted for good.

Kidney donation does not affect your capability to conceive and bear and child. However, right after surgery, it’s essential that you delay any plans of getting pregnant. This is to give your body enough time to fully recover first. Before trying out conception, make sure to talk to your doctor first to make sure your body is in its top shape. In general, it’s recommended that you wait for at least 3 to 6 months after surgery before you get pregnant.

Myth 5: You won’t be helped during an emergency.

Even if you sign up for organ donation, it doesn’t mean there’ll be no attempt to rescue or revive you during an emergency. In fact, it’s important to know that the recovery of your organ will only be carried out after all efforts to resuscitate you have failed. It’s also essential that you understand that the emergency response and transplant teams are two different entities. The latter group will only be summoned after all efforts are exhausted. In case you didn’t sign up for donation, the transplant team will only be called if your family has consented to donating your kidneys or any other organs.

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The Risk of Being a Living Kidney Donor

The Risk of Being a Living Kidney Donor

kidney donationThe Risk of Being a Living Kidney Donor is minimal but there are questions you should ask and weigh before you donate a kidney.

Kidney donation is generally considered safe. If the effects of the surgery and process will pose harm to the kidney donor, a donation isn’t likely to push through. No matter how urgent the situation is, the safety of both donor and recipient is always a top priority.

To assess the possibility of a live kidney donation safely, there are two things you have to consider:

During surgery

 

Because organ donation is categorized as a major operation, it doesn’t come completely risk-free. Some of the most common risks associated with the procedure involve pain, infection, and possible bleeding.

However, to minimize the chances for these complications, rigid and strict physical, mental and emotional assessments are done prior to the surgery. You’ll also be oriented to the things that should be expected before, during and after the operation. These steps allow your health care team to be prepared in case anticipated problems do happen. Proper screening will also make sure you don’t have any health condition that can be aggravated by donating one of your kidneys.

When making a decision, it’s essential that you consider every detail the transplant team discusses with you. Even if you’re healthy enough to donate, if you’re mentally or emotionally unprepared, it will still be your ultimate call.

Aside from these preparations, you also have to consider which type of surgery you want to have. You can choose between:

Open nephrectomy

This is most commonly referred to as the traditional way of getting a kidney removed. It involves a 15 to 20 cm long incision and two to three hours of surgery.

Laparoscopic of keyhole surgery

Unlike nephrectomy, this procedure involves a few small incisions where instruments are inserted and a larger cut to remove the organ. It entails longer surgical time but shorter recovery period.

After Surgery

 

After the procedure, you’ll be required to stay in the hospital for a couple of days. If you underwent traditional nephrectomy, you’ll have to remain in the hospital for around five to seven days. In case you chose keyhole surgery, it will take a shorter hospitalization time. Full recovery for donating a kidney typically happens between two to 12 weeks, depending on your progress.

For a few weeks, the surgical wound should feel sore and a bit painful. After some time, they should start to feel numb with occasional drawing sensations. Permanent scarring, however, should be expected.

In general, people who have donated one of their organs have the same quality of life and long-term survival rate as the rest of the population. Even your risk for renal failure is the same as with those people who didn’t donate. Although there are studies that suggest an increased blood pressure and passing of protein in the urine after donation, they don’t always happen. In fact, with annual post donation checkup, such complications among living kidney donors are unlikely to develop.

 

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