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2 Types of Kidney Donation You Should Know About

2 Types of Kidney Donation

2 Types of Kidney Donation You Should Know About2 Types of Kidney Donation

You Should Know About


There are two types of kidney donation you should know about. Because not all people respond positively to lifestyle modification and dialysis, kidney donation and transplant are often necessary. Unfortunately, since there aren’t enough renal donors, a large number of these patients are made to wait. While there are patients who experience successful organ transplants, some of them fail to meet the right match.

In case you are considering donating one of your kidneys, here are the two types of kidney donation you should know about:

Deceased Donation

A person who has consented to donate his kidneys prior to his death is considered a deceased donor. In certain cases, however, it is the family of the donor, specifically the next of kin that grants consent.

Deceased donation is the most common type of donation between the two types. It involves people who met accidents, strokes, and sudden death. Their organs undergo proper medical evaluation to assure not only compatibility but the recipients’ safety.

The donated kidneys are subjected to cross matching and other series of tests to determine compatibility to the waiting list. If proven to match, donors undergo a surgical procedure to take his organs out.

Living Donation

A Living Kidney donation involves people who voluntarily donate one of their organs.

It can either be:

  • A living related donor can either be your mother, sister or brother. Because donor and recipient are related, there’s a greater possibility of compatibility. However, because of the same relationship, familial and genetic diseases can also make transplant difficult.
  • A living unrelated donor can come from a person you know but not genetically related to you. It can be a friend, a colleague or your spouse. This type of donation can yield lesser chances of compatibility compared with a related donor.

Living donation is more beneficial to patients than deceased donation for a number of reasons. For one, it limits the patient’s waiting time. It also shortens the time they need to spend on dialysis. Aside from this, patients also prefer to get their kidneys from living donors because it enables them to take more control of the time and date of the operation.

Getting an organ from a living donor is also more psychologically and mentally calming for a patient compared with receiving it from a dead person. It is also considered safer, as a living person gets to be thoroughly screened and tested for several health issues and condition.

Organ donation is essential to help people with renal problems continue with their lives. You should, however, keep in mind that the urgency of donation should not compromise the health of the recipient and the donor. Kidney donation should still involve strict tests and assessments whether the organ is coming from a living or a deceased person.

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