Kidney Failure Stages
How Symptoms Can Alert You
Kidney diseases are considered silent but deadly killers and if you are concerned about this, you should know about the Kidney Failure Stages. Before you know you have one you’re probably already progressed to its late and severe stage. Although they may develop discreetly in your body, it doesn’t mean that the condition always arrives unnoticed.
Symptoms are good indicators of something wrong in your system. For kidney failure, here are some of the things you should look out for:
Stage 1 and 2
Stage 1 and 2 generally don’t have any physical manifestations, unless you’re experiencing high proteinuria. There are patients, however, that develop high blood pressure during this stage. A routine urinalysis and assessment of serum creatinine can help detect early damage in your renal tract.
Stage 3 and 4
Stage 3 and 4 are the stages where most of the symptoms of kidney failure become more obvious due to the moderate to severe decline in your GFR or Glomerular Filtration Rate. Anemia and bone issues are two of the most common problems that develop during this stage. Renal failure Symptoms during these stages also include:
- Dull ache on the lower part of the back to your side.
- Change in your eating habits and appetite
- Feeling exhausted or gets tired easily
- High blood pressure
- Slower digestion to indigestion
- Altered sense of taste
- Swelling of the extremities
Aside from GFR, laboratory examination can also show an increase in serum creatinine which means that your kidneys are no longer functioning properly. Changes in urine, including color, smell and transparency can also happen. Passing of blood through urine is possible during this stage as well.
Stage 5 or the End Stage Renal Failure happens when there’s only 10 to 15% of your kidney function left. Because of this change, you should expect to experience worsening of the symptoms.
- Muscle cramps and muscle twitching
- Extremely itchy and dry skin
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Feeling colder than usual
- Swelling and puffiness that can affect your extremities and face
- Altered menstrual cycle
- Nausea and vomiting
- Weight loss
- Frequent urination at night
- Extreme thirst
- Poor appetite
- Impaired focus
Stage 5 can also cause anemia which means you’ll get feel more tired than usual. It can also make you more prone to bruising and bleeding. Even your mental function can get affected. In severe cases, it can even include seizures and low mental alertness.
It’s also possible for your skin to change color. It can turn ashy gray or it can have a yellowish undertone. A decrease in sexual interest or libido is another common effect of kidney failure.
The Kidney Failure Stages are subtle but when they begin to change the body it may be too late.