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5 Polycystic Kidney Disease Symptoms

5 Polycystic Kidney Disease Symptoms

You Should Look Out For These Symptoms

5 Polycystic Kidney Disease SymptomsPolycystic Kidney Disease happens when fluid-filled cysts form in the kidneys. It’s generally an inherited medical condition but patients with advanced kidney problems can also develop PKD.

Is it serious?

Generally, the cysts associated with PKD are non-malignant but they can vary in size and number. This means that they can possibly grow large to the point that they can interfere with your kidneys’ functions. Aside from your kidneys, the cysts can also grow in your liver and in the other parts of your body.

Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease

The symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease, similar to other kidney diseases, can go unnoticed on the early stages. Patients typically discover the signs of the disease in their 30s or 40s. However, this doesn’t mean that it has no physical symptoms to warn you.

High blood pressure is the most common symptom you’d find in PKD patients. It is usually accompanied by an increase in the size of your abdomen and pain on your sides. You’d also notice yourself getting more frequents episodes of getting Urinary Tract Infections. In certain cases, you can also develop kidney stones.

Minor symptoms of PKD also include pain and a feeling of heaviness on the back area. Fatigue and joint pain can also develop. You can also develop bruising, pale skin and nail problems. Some patients experience frequent urination while others see blood-tinged urine.

If PKD is too severe, it can develop complications that can include cardiovascular diseases, anemia, bleeding and even brain aneurysms. Loss of kidney function is also possible as your kidneys find it more difficult to get rid of waste and toxins. In certain patients, their colon gets affected as well. Diverticulosis or the weakening and pouching of the walls of the colon can also happen.

The pain associated with PKD is often long term. However, as this symptom is also common among other kidney diseases, it’s often overlooked or disregarded until it’s too severe to ignore.

How’s it diagnosed?

As mentioned, PKD is an inherited condition which means that people who have first or second-degree relatives with the condition are particularly predisposed. If you have such predisposition, you should submit yourself to a routine screening.

For diagnosis, your doctor will order a urine analysis and a complete blood count. These tests aim to find existing infections and traces of protein and blood in the urine. Imaging tests may also be ordered for confirmation. It can include ultrasound, CT scan or an MRI scan.

In certain cases, an IVP or Intravenous Pyelogram can also be ordered. This procedure involves the injection of a dye to help visualize blood vessels more clearly.


7 Kidney Disease Symptoms

7 Kidney Disease Symptoms

7 Kidney Disease Symptoms7 Kidney Disease Symptoms

At Risk?  You Should Pay More Attention These Risks


Here are 7 kidney disease symptoms you should be aware of. Kidney disease is often considered as a silent but deadly condition. Most patients were only able to realize that they have the illness during its most severe stages. Because of this, some patients fail to fully recover.

If you know that you’re at risk for the disease, it’s critical that you know its symptoms. Recognizing kidney disease at its early stage will help avoid progression and even complications.

  1. Change in the characteristics of your urine.

The first yet most subtle symptom of renal disease is the change in urinary frequency. You’ll notice this more during the night. Aside from frequency, a change in color, smell, and even transparency can also signal a possible renal disease.

  1. Frequent feeling of exhaustion.

When your kidneys fail to produce erythropoietin, your cells become deprived of the oxygen they need to function effectively. As a result, you get tired and exhausted more easily. Your brain also suffers when there’s not enough oxygen. You’ll experience episodes of confusion and inability to fully concentrate.

  1. Ammonia-like breath.

Once your kidneys become damaged, they become ineffective in filtering out waste products in your body. Because of this, toxins get trapped and accumulate. One of these toxins is urea, which gets broken down by your saliva into ammonia. Other than making your breath smell like urine, it can also affect your sense of taste.


People with kidney disease often have episodes of nausea and vomiting. Over time, these two things can lead to a loss of appetite and nutrition. Aside from these factors, your altered sense of taste can also discourage you from eating.


  1. Shortness of breath.

Damaged kidneys become incapable of filtering out and removing excess fluid in the body. While it can initially affect your extremities and abdomen, fluid can also infiltrate and build up in your lungs which can make breathing a lot difficult for you.

  1. Flank pain.

One of the earliest signs of kidney disease is flank pain. Unfortunately, it’s also one of the most commonly missed indicators. Flank pain is described as that dull cramping pain that radiates from your lower back to your abdominal area. It can signal the presence of stones or an inherited renal disease.

  1. Feeling cold.

There are two things that can cause chills in people with kidney disease. The first one involves anemia where the body doesn’t have enough erythropoietin to supply oxygen to its cells. The other factor involves the presence of infection which is usually caused by the presence of stones, cysts or blockages. If the infection is too severe, it can also cause night sweats accompanied by chills. Learn and watch out for these 7 Kidney Disease Symptoms.