Tag Archives: Kidney Infection

Kidney Infection Symptoms can be subtle, but dangerous.

Kidney Infection Symptoms

This entry is part 6 of 6 in the series Dr Lisa

Kidney Infection Symptoms

Kidney Infection Symptoms can be subtle, but dangerous.

There are several forms of urinary tract infections (UTI). They are divided into upper and lower urinary tract infections. In upper urinary tract infection, the kidney is the most important structure which is involved. It is often known as pyelonephritis. Lower urinary tract infection involves urethra and urinary bladder. There are several symptoms which can differentiate among the two viz. upper and lower urinary tract infections. Being an infectious disease, urinary tract infection presents with signs and symptoms of infection and inflammation. Look for the signs of kidney infection symptoms.


Pyelonephritis is an infectious (usually bacterial) and inflammatory disease of the kidneys. Typically, the disease affects only one kidney. It occurs in acute or chronic form. Pyelonephritis is more common in women than men. Furthermore, elderly men more often suffer from this disease.

Pyelonephritis in women typically begins after cystitis (inflammation and infection of urinary bladder) and ascending towards kidney resulting into pyelonephritis. Pyelonephritis in men is often a complication of urological diseases such as benign prostatic hyperplasia, any mass obstructing the flow of urine, prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate), kidney stones etc.

Causes of pyelonephritis

Kidney infection is usually caused by bacteria, most common being Escherichia coli (E.coli). The bacteria enter the urethra and travel up the urinary tract. Once in one or both channels connecting the bladder and kidneys (ureters), bacteria reach the kidney and contribute towards the development of the disease. Women are more exposed to the risk partly due to the fact that their urethra is located closer to the anus (where bacteria from the intestines leave the body). This simplifies the way the bacteria enter into the urethra. Sometimes kidney infection can occur without infection of the bladder. For example, if the ureter or kidney outflow is blocked by a stone.

Symptoms of pyelonephritis

Symptoms of acute kidney infection (Upper Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms) often develop rapidly over several hours or days: • High temperature (over 38 ° C) • Swelling of the face • Tremors • Pain in the lower back (maybe on one side only) • Feeling of being sick (nausea) • vomiting About one-third of the patients with an acute kidney infection also have the symptoms of bladder infection (Lower Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms) as well.

These symptoms may also be present when isolated lower urinary tract infection is seen e.g. infection of urethra, urinary bladder, prostate etc. These symptoms may include: • Burning sensation while urinating • The need to urinate more often than usual • Muddy, dark urine • Sharp unpleasant smell of urine • Blood in the urine These symptoms may be caused by other problems as well. So, if you have any of these symptoms, consult a doctor. If you are searching for a way to tell others about your kidney failure, you may be interested in a Live Kidney Donation.




What Kidney Infection Means

PyelonephritisPyelonephritis is also known as kidney infection. Similar to the other parts of your body, your kidneys can also acquire an infection. Most of the time, the cause involves bacteria that are able to get to your lower urinary tract and proliferate in your bladder and kidneys. It can be due to lack of proper hygiene, an alkaline pH or the presence of an obstruction.

Pyelonephritis more commonly happens in women than in men because of their shorter urethra. Older people and those who have lower immune systems, such as those with AIDS, cancer and diabetes are also more at risk for this type of infection.

Acute kidney infection happens suddenly. The chronic type, on the other hand, results from an infection that is recurring. Patients who suffer from the chronic pyelonephritis are those people who have anatomical problems, stones, and struvites.

Causes of kidney infection

Aside from the factors mentioned above, other causes of pyelonephritis include:

  • Catheterization
  • Taking certain medications
  • Presence of spinal cord or nerve damage
  • Cystoscopic examination
  • Enlarged prostate

As with any infection, one of the cardinal signs of pyelonephritis is a fever of more than 102 degrees. The fever is often accompanied by pain to the sides that can extend to the abdomen and the groin. Other symptoms include:

  • Painful or burning sensation when urinating
  • Cloudy to blood-tinged urine
  • Feeling ill
  • Chills
  • Fatigue

How is kidney infection diagnosed?

Most patients’ consultations are prompted by the symptoms. The diagnostic procedure includes physical assessments to check for tenderness in the abdominal area as well as pain. Aside from these procedures, the doctor can also ask patients to submit for a urine test to check for the presence of bacteria, pus or blood. If an obstruction is suspected, he can also order an X-ray or MRI to get a clear visual assessment of your urinary tract.

How is it treated?

Doctors can prescribe antibiotics to treat get rid of the bacteria causing the infection. Typically, treatment can last from 7 to 14 days. If oral antibiotics are ineffective, patients may have to be admitted to the hospital for intravenous antibiotics. Pain reliever and medications for fever can also be prescribed.


If left untreated, pyelonephritis can lead to several potential complications. For one, if the root cause of the infection isn’t completely eliminated, it can lead to a recurrent infection. It can also cause pus to form and accumulate in your kidneys. In case there’s no proper management done, the accumulated pus and infection can spread throughout your system and cause sepsis. It’s a potentially lethal complication, particularly if the infection reaches your brain. Recurrent untreated kidney infection can also lead to acute renal failure.

If you suspect Pyelonephritis, you should seek medical attention immediately as the results may be far more serious than you think.

5 Kidney Infection Symptoms

5 Kidney Infection Symptoms

5 Kidney Infection Symptoms

You Shouldn’t Ignore

5 Kidney Infection SymptomsAlthough kidney disease frequently attacks silently, it actually isn’t always the case because these 5 kidney infection symptoms keep showing up.  Renal infections can show signs and symptoms that can forewarn a person to take immediate actions. However, because these signs are frequently subtle, not all patients notice them right away.

If you see any of the following changes, it’s wise if you can seek immediate medical attention. Prompt treatment helps avoid complications and it also increases your chances of achieving positive recovery.

1.    Changes in the urine you pass

One of the first changes you can notice with renal infections involves your urine. It can mean an increase or decrease in its quality. Aside from the amount, a kidney infection can also change your urine’s quality. Its color, smell, as well as opacity, can signal an infection, too. Cloudy urine can mean the presence of bacteria while pungent smell in your urine can indicate ammonia.

2.    Blood in urine

Blood in urine or hematuria is another indication of kidney infection. Because not all cases of hematuria involve a large amount of blood, urine analysis and microscopic examination are necessary to confirm a diagnosis of kidney failure. Aside from infection, there are other medical conditions, such as cancer, that should also be ruled out. Proper assessment is necessary so that your doctor can create the right treatment plan for your case.

3.    Pain

It’s also possible to feel pain and discomfort while urinating. You’ll also notice experiencing more frequent urges to use the bathroom. However, despite feeling the strong need to empty your bladder, you’ll find that there isn’t much urine to pass.

Low back pain is another common indication of infection. It’s typically described as dull ache radiating from the back to the center of your stomach. Pain on the sides isn’t uncommon as well. Most doctors advise taking pain relievers if the discomfort is too severe or if it prevents you from doing your daily activities.

4.    Swelling

Any swelling, particularly on your lower extremities, can signal your kidneys’ inability to effectively eliminate excess fluid. In severe cases, this swelling can also involve your arms, hands and even face. Swelling or edema is typically assessed by pressing a finger on the surface of your skin. If it takes too long for the skin to rise up to its original state, it’s an indication of pitting edema.

5.    Fever

One of the cardinal signs of an infection is fever or an increased temperature. If the infection is mild, fever seldom reaches beyond 105 degrees Fahrenheit and may not require intensive treatment approach. However, if your fever goes beyond that level and disrupts your normal activities, medications, such as antipyretics, will be prescribed. Antibiotics are also recommended to treat the root cause of your kidney infection.


Are you worried about Kidney Infection

Kidney Infection

Kidney Infection

5 Natural Treatments for Kidney Infection You Probably Didn’t Know About

Are you worried about Kidney InfectionKidney infection, particularly when it isn’t too advanced, is easy to manage. You’ll generally be prescribed with antibiotics and pain relievers to manage the kidney infection symptoms and to treat the root cause of the infection. Treatment usually lasts from 5 to 7 days.


Unfortunately, overuse and improper use of antibiotics and painkillers can do your kidneys more harm than good. If you want an all natural treatment approach to stop your kidney infection, here’s a short list of natural remedies you may want to try.

1.   Ginger


Ginger has been widely used in treating several infections of the body. It has a strong antibacterial property, primarily due to its Gingerol content, that can help inhibit the proliferation and even the spread of bacteria in your renal system. Because of this, you can also use ginger to prevent recurrent kidney infection.


To get the best out of this natural remedy, you can use it to create a tea or extract its juice directly. If you want more flavor, you can add honey or a few drops of lemon juice. Learn more about kidney infection.

2. Turmeric

Turmeric has both anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties that can address the symptoms of kidney infection. Consuming turmeric also helps make recovery faster. Besides its antibacterial property, it’s also a potent anti-fungal remedy. Its Curcumin content can stop both growth and spread of bad microorganisms.

Because turmeric has a bitter flavor, it’s best if you can add it to your dishes instead. There are also turmeric supplements that you can try.

3. Cranberry

Cranberry restores your renal system’s acidic nature. This pH helps ward off harmful microorganisms from growing anywhere in your tract. In fact, most people who are prone to renal infections take a glass of cranberry daily as a preventive approach against recurrent attacks. When drinking cranberry, keep in mind to consume it in moderation. It’s known to contain oxalate that can also contribute to stone formations.


4. Yogurt

Yogurt is a potent source of antioxidants and probiotics. These two factors contribute to lesser chances of developing renal infections because of their ability to halt bacterial growth. Other than the benefits of these contents, yogurt can also help improve your immune system.


It’s recommended that you consume two to three cups of yogurt daily. For added texture and flavor, you can toss some fruits into the mix.

5. Apple Cider Vinegar

Because of its malic acid content, ACV is mostly used as an immediate solution for the pain associated with renal infection. With an acidity level of 3.0, it also aids in restoring the natural pH of your renal tract. You can add 1 to 2 teaspoons of ACV to a glass of water and drink it twice daily for your symptoms of kidney infection.

Kidney Infection Symptoms

Kidney Infection Symptoms

Kidney Infection Symptoms can be subtle and rarely are they dramatic. This makes kidney failure such a dangerous dilemma as many people are unfamiliar with the signs and messages  their bodies are trying to communicate to them.

Regular readers of this website already know that my son, Michael, at the age of 24 years-old, was diagnosed with renal failure a couple of years ago.

The astonishing thing about this, other than the fact that he was so young, was that he had no idea that he was about to go into a comma and was on the verge of death.

The signs leading to his kidney failure were beyond the mere signs of kidney infection symptoms. He was beyond that phase of deteriation. Many people find it astonishing that only a week before his kidneys shut down, he was sky diving with his girlfriend. Did he have signs of kidney failure? Many who are familiar with a kidney infection would admit that he had obvious signs, however most people do not associate itching with kidney failure. Can you tell the difference?

The itching, over his entire body, was constant and he reports that he had this annoying urge to scratch for about three weeks. He also had swelling in strange parts of his body: namely his joints, the knee being the worst. The swelling so so noticeable and profound that he thought he had sprained his knee. A trip to the local Urgent Care facility only made matters worse, as they diagnosed a sprain and administered and prescribed a strong anti-inflammatory drug that is known to take a toll on the kidneys.

The problem with kidney infection symptoms is that even some experienced doctors will not take notice that there could be a problem with the kidneys. Instead, like with Michael, they rely on experiences that point to other, more obvious symptoms, like swollen joints.

You may wonder why kidney  failure patients experience swelling and the answer is because the kidneys are unable to release the toxins through the normal process of making urine. In fact, many patients in renal failure are unable to make urine and the waste is absorbed in the body, making dialysis the likely choice for filtering.

This causes the itching many people with kidney infections may experience. Watch for an unannounced rash that may appear in strange places, something that may resemble a sudden case of acne.

The doctor of your choice may or may not be astute enough to diagnose your signs of kidney infection properly. This is not a reflection on doctors, but more an issue with the mounting increase in kidney failure in the United States. Many doctors have never seen a patient with renal disease, but you should advocate for yourself in the event that you experience any of these symptoms. Ask your physician to check your kidney function and only then will you be sure that the diagnosis will address any kidney infection symptoms.


A kidney infection could lead to serious problems

Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)

This entry is part 3 of 6 in the series Dr Lisa

Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)

A kidney infection could lead to serious problems

A kidney infection could lead to serious problems

Acute and chronic Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) is the most common non-specific inflammatory diseases of the “upper urinary tract”. It is about 2/3 of all urological diseases. In addition, it is the most common kidney disease in the all age groups. Pyelonephritis can make you sick at any age but high risk groups are:
•    Children up to 7 years with developmental diseases of urinary system
•    Girls and women of 18-30 age. Pyelonephritis in this group is associated with the onset of sexual activity , pregnancy or childbirth (girls develop this disease 6 times more often than boys)
•    Older men with BPH
Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) is a kidney disease having an inflammatory nature. In most of the cases, the causative agents are bacteria, most common being E. coli , Proteus, Enterococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus. These organisms spread throughout the body via the bloodstream (known as bacteremia) from any source of infection. Infection can also travel from lower urinary tract and then ascend upward towards kidneys. In this case, the disease begins with urethritis or cystitis . A common underlying cause of illness is urolithiasis (stone somewhere in urinary tract). Chronic illnesses, frequent hypothermia and other adverse factors make the kidneys particularly vulnerable to such disease processes.
Symptoms of acute pyelonephritis:
•    a sharp rise in body temperature to 39-40 ° C,
•    weakness,
•    headache ,
•    profuse sweating ,
•    loss of appetite,
•    nausea and vomiting ,
•    pain
•    children: abdominal pain .

Urine analysis reveals pus cells, red blood cells, proteins and a large number of bacteria.
Chronic Pyelonephritis is often caused by undiagnosed or partially treated acute pyelonephritis. In this case, the patient shows non-specific signs and symptoms e.g. fatigability, fever, hypertension , painful urination, increased frequency of urination etc. During periods of exacerbations, these patients exhibit all signs of acute pyelonephritis listed above. If untreated, a pyelonephritis may develop into suppurative complications e.g. renal abscess or carbuncle, necrosis of the renal papillae etc. All of these complications are indicators for surgery or some invasive procedure.


Mainstay of treatment is antibiotics. Treatment of pyelonephritis usually lasts 2-3 weeks. In severe cases, surgery may be needed. Kidney de-capsulation is performed in purulent pyelonephritis (Pyelonephritis in which frank pus is formed).
The best means of preventing pyelonephritis is timely treatment of diseases that predispose to this condition (primarily, urolithiasis and benign prostatic hyperplasia). Special care should be adopted by pregnant women with multiple pregnancies, Polyhydramnios etc. Experts recommend at least one bacteriological analysis of urine and urodynamic study per month in such patients.

Dr Lisa

Do you have symptoms of kidney infection

Symptoms of Kidney Infection

This entry is part 2 of 3 in the series Dr Cocja

Symptoms of Kidney Infection

Do you have symptoms of kidney infectionThe Symptoms of Kidney Infection are subtle because the primary function of the kidneys is to remove waste matter and toxins from the body. The blood circulates through the kidney and it is through the filtering action of the kidneys that the blood is cleansed of waste products and toxins. The kidneys can, however, become infected and this can compromise kidney function.
We are all at risk of developing a kidney infection from time to time. There are however some groups of persons who are at higher risk including children, persons who have to use indwelling catheters and pregnant women.

Symptoms of kidney infection?
•    Poor hygiene
•    Sexual intercourse
•    Pregnancy
•    Catheters
•    Kidney stones
A kidney infection generally starts at the opening to the bladder called the urethra. The bacteria then travels up into the bladder and then into one or both kidneys. It can take only a few hours or days for a kidney infection to develop.
Symptoms of a kidney infection include:
o    High Fever
o    Chills
o    Lower back pain
o    Loss of appetite
o    Malaise
If there is infection of the lower urinary tract (urethra and/or bladder) other symptoms that can present are:
o    Burning or pain on passing the urine
o    Passing urine frequently, urgency to urinate
o    Difficulty passing the urine
o    Foul smelling urine which may be cloudy in appearance
o    Blood in the urine
Note that kids tend to exhibit symptoms of bedwetting and failure to grow at a normal rate.

Seek medical advice without delay
A kidney infection that is not treated appropriately can lead to complications including kidney failure. The doctor will take a history about the symptoms and do a physical examination. Diagnostic tests: blood, urine analysis, urine culture and sonogram are done to confirm the diagnosis as well as to detect whether there are causes or complications.
The common bacteria which cause urinary tract infections are E. coli and Klebsiella.  E. coli is normally found in the stool as it lives in our gut. For this reason it is important to practice good personal hygiene to avoid the accidental introduction of the bacteria in the urinary tract.
Treatment invariably involves a course of antibiotics and medication for relief or pain and fever. It is important for the doctor to prescribe the appropriate antibiotic that will completely resolve the infection.

Tips to prevent Urinary Tract Infection
o    Drink adequate amounts of water daily to flush the kidneys. Limit the consumption of sugary drink.
o    Pay attention to personal hygiene especially of the genital area and anus.
o    Unwashed  or inadequately washed genitals can introduce germs in the urethra during sexual intercourse.
o    Teach children to wipe away from the front to the back after a bowel action.
o    Avoid long delays when there is the urge to urinate.

It is important to recognize the early symptoms of a urinary tract infection and have it appropriately treated before it spreads to the kidneys.  A chronic kidney infection can lead to serious complications and so protect your kidneys from irreparable damage.

Michael Machado

Kidney Infection Symptoms and My Family

Kidney Infection Symptoms and My Family

Kidney Infection Symptoms and My FamilyKidney Disease and My Family was life altering. Looking back, renal failure was much harder than I led others to believe. Not only for me, but for my family, especially.

I was 24 years old and never sick. Never. Suddenly, my life turned on a dime and everybody had to follow because that’s the way we do it in my family. Even my girlfriend left her old life behind.

Amanda quit her job to take care of me, my dad put work on hold so he could cook and prepare the challenging meals that dialysis requires, and my mom juggled the pressures of work while still attending my countless doctors appointments.

They watched me slowly deteriorate. I lost 30 pounds in a matter of weeks. My hair fell out and an uncontrollable rash slowly engulfed my entire body. It’s hard for any family member to watch a loved one go through something tragic, but without my family, I wouldn’t have been able to do it on my own.


I remember my mom and dad and the look on their faces. They were in shock and what was supposed to be the waning years of their lives suddenly turned into the most dynamic.

Not only did they push through the kidney transplant process to a near record of 182 days, but they used their own resources and started a non-profit organization so they could help other people to also get a kidney transplant.

Kidney Infection Symptoms and My Family was also hard because we didn’t know anything about kidneys. But each and everyone came through. They were my foundation and structure when I started to become discouraged and lose hope. I can’t even begin to express how fortunate I am to have been blessed with such a great support system. 

Now, we are invested so deeply in the kidney world that we are helping others. Why can’t we get donors and kidney patients together? As a family, we are tackling this challenge. That’s the way we do it in my family!

Without my family, I am not sure I could have made it. Thank you to all the caregivers for everything you do for others. You make the difference in this world.

Michael Machado