Kidney Patient Health
Kidney Disease It’s Major Causes And Prevention
Kidney Patient Health is critical to both the patient and their family. Since the average waiting time for a kidney transplant can reach eight years, kidney patients must take extra care to ensure they survive the trauma of kidney disease.
The bean shaped-organ called the kidney functions as the body’s internal cleanser. The organ removes the body’s waste products and the body’s regulator like the blood pressure, electrolytes, and acid-base balance. When the kidneys are compromised, the body can suffer chronic kidney disease that can lead to death. In the US today, according to the kidney.org news, the two leading cause of kidney failure is diabetes and high blood pressure.
In diabetes, the body is unable to produce insulin to regulate the sugar in the body; this is typically called the diabetes type 2. On the other hand, type -1 diabetes is when the pancreas failed naturally to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is responsible for regulating the amount of sugar in the blood. When diabetes is properly managed, the possibility of developing kidney failure is slim. However, when it is the other way around, when diabetes is poorly maintained, patients will eventually develop complications in the kidneys.
What happens when diabetes reaches the kidney? Poor management of diabetes can lead to blood vessel injury, which can then compromise the functions of the kidneys. The kidneys can no longer filter and remove the body’s waste products effective, resulting to sugar, protein leaks in the urine and toxin’s build-up in the body.
Similarly, high blood pressure also destroys the kidney’s blood vessel, due to the extreme force of blood against the wall. When the blood vessels of the kidneys are damaged same things can occur, creatinine shots up as well as the protein in the urine leading to kidney failure.
Although diabetes and high pressure are leading causes of kidney failures, but these diseases are preventable. Diabetes according to the National Diabetes Statistics Report for 2014, as published in the CDC website, a total of 29.1 million of the entire US have a population, 21 million are diagnosed while the 8.1 million are noted to be undiagnosed. On the other hand, there were estimated 67 million of American adults with high blood pressure or 31% of the total population.
The leading kidney failure due to diabetes and high blood pressure is preventable. Mayo clinic posted attainable diabetes prevention such as more physical activities, more fiber, consumptions of whole grains, lose weight and making healthier food choices. Topping the list for the physical activities is to lose weight with aerobics and resistance program training. Eating more fiber directly contributes to improved blood sugar control, lessen the risk for heart disease and promote weight loss.
Preventing high blood pressure calls smoking cessation, eating food with less sodium and minimal potassium (eat food with high in potassium). Secondly, do regular exercise, weight management and avoid getting into the obese classification. Lastly, hypertension is prevented by not taking too much alcohol and adopting a healthy life-style, like taking enough rest and sleep, having a positive attitude towards life.
Diabetes and hypertension can cause permanent damage to the kidneys which can lead to more serious problems and eventually to dialysis or kidney transplant, which can be very expensive. Preventing kidney damage as early as today can bail you out from the costly treatment and management.